Playing golf well has a lot to do with our level of learning, training and also with the quality of the equipment we are using to achieve it. But we can’t always count on the highest quality equipment, most of the time because we don’t know what they are and how to recognize them.
Do you want to find out more about the best golf rangefinders in 2020? Keep reading this guide.
The rangefinders help you to know precisely the distance your target is, so you can aim better and calculate the strength you need to hit your pitches during golf games.
If you are looking for one of these devices you will have to look at the level of scope they have, their operating modes, design and the accuracy they have.
Some More Golf Rangefinders You Must Look:
Bushnell Pro X2
Rubber Armored Metal
Bushnell Pro XE
Clear Range & Clarity
Precision Pro NX9
HD Slope Rangefinder
Lint-Free Cleaning Cloth
Bushnell is a leading brand when it comes to Golf equipment. Their golf rangefinders are known to be at the top of their game thanks to the quality and precision they offer.
Their PRO X2 is a golf rangefinder designed to increase player performance at the time of launching, accurately and reach the goal with a minimum margin of error.
It also has JOLT technology that generates short vibrations to give the player certainty that the laser has synchronized the objective, and so the golfer will notice that when the flag is detected, the device starts to vibrate and you can be sure that you have placed the flag without interference from another object. All of these properties make Bushnell PRO X2, the best Golf rangefinder in 2020.
Being a golfer who has been playing at least 3 times a week for the last 7 years. I think I am at a point where I can say that I can review Golf products and give an honest opinion. And this opinion will surely help other newbie golfers who have just started playing the game.
I have used a lot of Golf rangefinders in the past. For the last three years, I’ve been using a Precision Pro NX9. That is a great rangefinder from a company that provides great customer service.
But I like technology and variety; I wanted to try something different so I bought this Bushnell Pro X2.
I have to say I am very impressed. The Pro X2 has everything I could ever want in a rangefinder. Well, maybe not everything. The one thing it doesn’t have is the scan feature my previous golf range. I liked using that and miss it a little but the Pro X2 more than makes up for it.
- Slope-Switch Technology
- Rubber Armored Metal Housing
- IPX7 Fully Waterproof
- PinSeeker with JOLT Technology
- Accurate to a 1/2 yard
- Ranges 5-1,300 Yds; 450+ Yds to a Flag
- Dual Display Technology
- 6X Magnification
- 2nd Generation E.S.P.
- Fast Focus System
- Stable-Grip Technology
One of the best and clean golf rangefinders in the list of rangefinders, Precision Pro NX9 HD is also very popular among golf lovers.
The rangefinders help you determine, with a greater level of precision, what distance you are from your target. After you know this data you can decide how hard you should hit the ball so that it reaches the desired area.
To give you the possibility of making the golf course better visible and taking the best measures, some devices have different modes or functions, among which you can vary according to the conditions of the golf course, the game or your preferences.
Unboxing of Precision Pro NX9 HD
When I first heard that precision pro is launching a new Golf rangefinder, it got me excited for all the obvious reasons. Firstly, I loved the NX7, because of all the features it provided at such a low price. So, I was expecting the same from the NX9.
I ordered it immediately through the Amazon and got my package delivered within a week. I have been using it for a month and I think I can give an overview quite easily.
GolfBuddy LR7S Golf Rangefinder has a laser that projects to the area you have indicated, it measures the distance based on the time it takes to reach the target and return to the device again.
To give you the possibility of making the golf course better visible and taking the best measures, it has different modes or functions, among which you can vary according to the conditions of the golf course, the game or your preferences.
These modes include:
- Standard: It is the normal mode that provides the target location like any other common golf rangefinder.
- Scan: This mode enables you to measure the distance of varying target thanks to the 10-second continuous scan intervals.
- Pin: Just like scan modes it also measures the distance of varying targets but it provides the distance of the nearest target to you.
- Pin finder: same as pin mode combined with a confirming vibration.
Overview of Bushnell Tour V4
When you start your golf practice it is necessary to have a device that allows you to know the distance between the flags and obstacles present in the field of play, as well as the angle or speed of the path.
In this way, your launches will have greater precision. So for those who require a laser rangefinder for golf, they should review the options present in the market before making a hurried purchase.
As a recommendation, I present the Bushnell tour V4 model, made with robust and resistant raw material so you don’t have to worry about the deterioration in the face of unexpected impacts. Its compact format can be easily manipulated.
Besides, it has an instinctive operation, designed to set targets quickly. But if you are looking for a weather-resistant device and with some accessories that improve your user experience, you should know the Precision Pro Golf NX7 Pro model.
Bushnell Tour V4 is one of the most complete models, of the most renowned brand and at a reasonable price. Of course, I cannot say that it is cheap, but the value of money is optimal.
In the Tour V4, I found a lot of converging qualities. I will start by talking about its manageable size. I loved the feel of holding the device because of its size, you can easily handle it with one hand without worrying about dropping it.
Stabi grip technology also played an important role in making the grip comfortable. I also loved the speed in the measurement and its accuracy. In short, it is a leading product.
Over the years, I have used different kinds of golf rangefinders, each with its own distinctive features and properties. Out of all of those devices, only a few were able to stand out to me.
Bushnell Pro XE is one such golf rangefinder. Bushnell Pro XE Golf Rangefinder is known as one of the best electronic distance measuring devices that most of the golfers use during their training as well as on the green.
There are so many amazing features in this Bushnell device that there is no surprise that it is considered as one of the greatest releases of Bushnell, that you can get in the market, yet.
The patented slope technology of this Bushnell‘s rangefinder helps the golfers to become perfect while working through the different types of slope, elevation, and even through various terrains.
Barometric Pressure and temperature are two variables which I never thought would be important to me in the field. What if you play golf in winter or even in Denver under a normal condition, you may rarely think about the barometric pressure and temperature.
When I used Bushnell Pro XE and it gave me accurate readings compensating the barometric pressure and temperature. Thanks to both of these factors, my performance in the field elevated a lot.
Here the Bushnell Pro XE Golf Rangefinder will help you to calculate the accurate distance because it can calculate the differences between the level of the sea in WI in the fall as well as the mountain elevation in AZ during summer.
I also found it superb in optics, the binoculars gave me the perfect view which took my golfing experience to another level.
Are you looking for a cheap and the best rangefinder? Do not waste your time alone in finding an accurate range measuring device. Here, you can find a precise rangefinder by breaking 80 laser rangefinder reviews.
No need to look further for a rangefinder. The rangefinder review will assist you to choose the best rangefinder among IS800 and IS500 models. A device that can measure the accurate distance from a flagstick is a breaking 80 laser rangefinder.
The newly designed breaking 80 laser rangefinder is a fancy device that can give you an extra advantage on a low budget. It can find accurate distance and is available at an affordable price than any other brand of the rangefinders.
The breaking 80 enables a golfer to find the distance of the flag from 800 yards. The compact design of the laser 80 rangefinder is legal for handicap purposes and playing golf. Many golfers use these rangefinders in the golf tournament.
Bushnell Clearshot Laser Rangefinders
The Bushnell rangefinder is the integration of two devices. The integration of the Global positioning system to the Bushnell makes it a more refined and accurate distance measuring device.
Bushnell is the world’s first hybrid device for golf players. The combo of both rangefinder and GPS offers more accuracy while playing golf. The most premium rangefinder is the top-rated distance finding device. Both technologies have made their functioning more efficient.
The manufacturer has made it to assist the golf players. The golfers can improve their game and score by using the Bushnell laser rangefinder with its innovative features. Each year top brands add new technologies to their products for innovation.
- First-ever hybrid rangefinder with laser display for golf players.
- Dual CR2 batteries for laser and GPS.
- The Bushnell rangefinder can measure the distance of 400 yards.
- Magnification power 5X.
- Pin seeking jolt technology.
- The fast focusing system enables you to measure the distance up to 1 yard. It ensures sight and target clarity. The golfer can adjust the optic view according to the target.
- The Bushnell Laser rangefinder stands alone in the market with #1 ratings.
- It is used by Golf professionals in PGA tours.
- The stabbing-grip technology ensures a full grip on the players.
- The player can get the flag quickly in their sight with the help of a Bushnell Rangefinder.
- It is pre-loaded with 36000+ courses for the players.
- Accurately measure the distance of 4 hazards.
- Last but not least, Bluetooth connectivity makes it a more unique device of this decade.
In golf, the main aim of the player is to put the ball in the hole. The rangefinder is essential to increase the chance of winning. Choosing a rangefinder is a daunting decision. The laser link golf rangefinder reviews will assist you to choose the perfect one.
In many other games like basketball and carom rangefinders are crucial to finding the exact distance. The rangefinder calculates the distance and other data so that a golfer knows how far away is the target. The light beam of a rangefinder assists the golfer to hit the ball accurately.
Numerous rangefinders are available in the market with innovative features. Each year the manufacturer is adding something new to the current devices. All the products are extraordinary advances, with fascinating qualities.
The golfer has to decide which device is more suitable. If you a beginner, you can start with a basic rangefinder. The professional golfer has various options to choose between optical rangefinder, laser rangefinder, and the GPS rangefinder.
I have analyzed all the rangefinders. Now I am going to describe the laser link golf rangefinder. The review of the Laser link golf rangefinder will help you understand the qualities of the rangefinder.
Do you want to have a rangefinder with innovative features? Or are you searching for the supermodel of Leica rangefinders? I ensure that you are on the right platform. Here you can find the best rangefinder by Leica Pin-master II Golf Rangefinder Reviews.
The Pinmaster laser rangefinder is a slim and simple model. If you want to impress your golfer friends, and teammates buy this expensive rangefinder. It is the small and lightest pocket-size rangefinder.
The body of the pinmaster laser rangefinder is carbon reinforce and compact. It is not only water-resistant but also has many other qualities. The submersible rangefinder has a magnification power of 7x.
The Leica pinmaster rangefinder allows the users to find the distance accurately. Most golf experts prefer this user-friendly rangefinder. I was wounder when I use it on the golf course such a beautiful laser rangefinder with all unique and extraordinary features.
One of the most trusted and top-rated brand is Leupold. It is a household brand manufacturing various products, including binocular, riflescope, and rangefinders. If you are searching for a rangefinder, then the Leupold GX-5i3 golf rangefinder review will help you.
Leupold is working for more than a decade and producing feature-rich products. Leupold Gx rangefinder can maximize the stroke and legal for tournament use.
It is an all-in-one rangefinder with advanced technologies. The DNA (Digital Enhanced Accuracy) makes it a more popular distance measuring device. With this upgraded technology, you can measure distance up to 1/10 yards.
PinHunter 3 laser technology can find the distance of a flagstick with more accuracy. No matter there are objects causing hindrance or weather error, it gives precise readings.
Now those days have been gone when you measure the distance by counting. Thanks to the advanced technology and manufacturers that have made it quick and accurate. Now the distance of several yards can be measured easily. The Nikon COOLSHOT Rangefinder review & comparison will explain it more briefly.
The Nikon COOLSHOT is at the top list of Amazon products as a respected rangefinders brand. When the Nikon makes a rangefinder with laser 20, it becomes the top product of this century.
The Nikon has made a wide variety of rangefinders with innovative features. When it comes to Nikon COOLSHOT 20, it is more upgraded than all. The compact entry-level rangefinder is pretty well new and different from other products by high-end qualities.
If you are looking for a more accurate and proper rangefinder than other rangefinders, read on. Stick there to find the best rangefinder and never compromise on the qualities. Get the rangefinder from the Nikon brand without being out of budget.
Are you looking for a laser rangefinder, then the TecTecTec Golf laser rangefinder is perfect for you. Do not source further on the internet; here, you can find a perfect rangefinder for you.
For finding the best golf rangefinder, it is crucial to check your golfing style and the area of golf. Spare a few minutes from your precious to review and compare the rangefinders available in the market. Whether you are an amateur or a professional golf player, it will help you improve your game.
In this review, I will explain a top-notch rangefinder brand, the TecTecTec rangefinders, that perform well in the market.
A Reliable Brand:
Stop wandering at local sporting goods and buy a TecTecTec rangefinder that is durable and long-lasting. By using the product of TecTecTec devices, you will have an excellent experience.
TecTecTec brand is functional for more than a decade and has various rangefinder products: VPRO500, VPRO500S, ULT-X, and VPRO DLX. It is the only brand with an overall 4.5 rating and reviews by happily satisfied customers.
TecTecTec family’s rangefinder is available in more than 20 countries and has 6300 reviews as a trustable brand. It has numerous bestsellers and top-notch quality product sellers.
Golf Buddy Laser 1s Rangefinder
Along with the leaps and bounds of golf technology, the introduction of the 90s device is full of excitement for a golfer. We must check the top features of Golfbuddy and check its ranking with other competent devices.
Golfbuddy has a mid-level ranking as it does not contains advanced technologies. It has pin locking technology with vibration. With the advanced technologies, it measures the accurate distance up to 800 yards. Golfbuddy can give a closer look at the target that is demanded by golfers.
Golfbuddy has a compact design and lightweight rangefinder. The CR2 battery makes it a more accurate rangefinder as the battery is one thing that attracts the intentions of golfers. Golfbuddy has quite an impressive range with fewer prices.
This model of Golfbuddy includes:
Pin Lock With Vibrations: The problem with the most rangefinder is that it latches the distance of behind object while the Pin Locking technology locks the target, and gives the accurate distance. It gives vibration for realistic measurement.
Wide LCD Display: Thanks to the manufacturer for the wide display which helps to check the accurate readings. It is most beneficial for people having low vision.
3 Scan Modes: Three scan modes include pin, scan, and free pin modes. You can find the distance of many targets in one go using these modes.
Water Resistant: Golfbuddy is water-resistant. You can use it in wet weather. If you love to play Golf in rain then Golfbuddy will be your first choice.
Callaway Hybrid GPS Laser Rangefinder
Do you want to have a Hybrid Rangefinder? No need to wander further as the Callaway Hybrid GPS Laser Rangefinder will be a better choice. The integration of both laser and GPS makes it extraordinary.
If you are searching for the perfect fit rangefinder, then Callaway Hybrid inspires you. It will give a better approach to target the golf course. Before the invention of the hybrid rangefinder, it’s hard to choose between laser and GPS rangefinders. Now the confusion has been eliminated by the hybrid rangefinders.
The manufacturer focus on the quality of these devices. A quality product is built with all the essential parameters to amuse the golfer. The Callaway has high accuracy and performance as it can find the accurate distance within 30 – 40 seconds when you switch on.
The four easily pressable buttons are present on the front side for its working. You can move easily by pressing the ups and downs button and find the distance of the backyard on the screen. The laser quickly tries to lock on the flag, giving accurate measurement.
You can look at the glance of GPS for further verification, which is an additional benefit of the hybrid device. You can check the GPS mapping and GPS signals for precise measurement of the distance. In addition to these fascinating features, it has a Mini-USB cable.
The Callaway Hybrid has a flexible case you can attach to your golf bag. You can find it a robust golf rangefinder case. You can use the front and back yardages separately with a laser. The pin acquisition technology of laser gives 6x magnification with a range of 5 to 1000 yards.
If you are playing golf regularly, you will find the Callway hybrid GPS Laser Rangefinder, the best rangefinder that functions accurately and gives high-performance.
Bushnell Trophy Xtreme ARC Laser Rangefinder
Welcome to the review of a top-notch rangefinder. The Bushnell Xtreme ARC rangefinder is lightweight and has a compact body. The integration of ARC – Angle Range Compensation gives precise readings.
The compact design and sophisticated technologies of the Bushnell Trophy are easily operatable. It comes in the market with a flexible case and neck strap. You can easily carry it on any golf course. All Bushnell devices have Bushnell clear shot technology.
The measurement range of Bushnell Trophy Xtreme is up to 850 yards. In addition to golf, the Bushnell trophy can be used for hunting. The Bow mode of rangefinder gives a horizontal distance of 199 yards. You can set the distance in meters and yards according to your choice.
The ARC is the bow mode gives information about distance and angles and displays the readings on LCD. The rangefinder has an angle inclination of +/- 90. The Bushnell Trophy has a fixed magnification power of 4x. The lens used in the rangefinder is 20mm.
The addition of a CR 2 – 3 volt battery and unique LCD make it more popular among golfers. The main aim of a golfer is to find an accurate distance which is easy to calculate with a Bushnell rangefinder. The reading will be displayed for 30 seconds and you can lock it on the screen.
The size and weight of the Bushnell Trophy are perfect. You can hold it in your hands and keep it in your pocket. You can easily handle a weight of 5.2 ounces. Unfortunately, the Bushnell Trophy Xtreme is not water-resistant. The battery has a cover to reduce the chances of short-circuiting.
Callaway 300 Pro Golf Laser Rangefinder
Measuring the distance to the green is not as much hard as in the past. Now you can hit the green whether you are an entry-level player or the expert one. Callaway 300 is one of the top-notch rangefinders with a price of $200.
No need to wander further, if you want to have a high-end rangefinder, purchase the Callaway 300 rangefinder today. The quality, effectiveness, and value of Callaway make you an expert golfer. Golf is quite an interesting game. In golf, you have to find the accurate distance of the target.
Have you ever think that how a rangefinder gives the accurate distance. The integration of laser and GPS technologies make rangefinder unique. If you are using a gizmo Callaway 300 in your course, you can get a high score. It can track the distance up to 300 yards.
The accurate pin-lock of Callaway promises a pin reading of the target. For more precise reading, you can use scan mode. The nice LCD gives you the display, that how far your target is? The auto-locking feature of the rangefinder enables the new golfers to read the reading at a time.
There is no need to hold the rangefinder with steady hands as it can give accurate readings with full accuracy. You can get plenty of useful data by using Callaway 300 laser rangefinder. The rangefinder will account for all the slopes and dips in between you and your target.
The Callaway 300 is the best handicap device for golfers. So what are you waiting for? Took a rangefinder for yourself by reading this review.
Callaway EZ Laser Rangefinder
Are you looking for a laser rangefinder? I ensure that at this platform, you can get a perfect rangefinder for you. Callaway is a top-notch rangefinder brand that provides high-quality rangefinders. Callaway EZ Laser rangefinder is unisex.
Callaway offers high-quality golf gears to the golfers. Callaway has a massive variety of rangefinders that suits every golfer’s needs. EZ scan laser rangefinder is perfect for those users who want to use an easy to operate rangefinder.
You can easily find the distance of your target with a single press of the rangefinder. It will give you an accurate reading that helps you to get a high score. Though it offers less range than Callaway 300 pro, it is perfect for entry-level players.
When you press the button, it will find the distance of 500 – 800 yards. Additionally, the EZ scan offers double reading so that you confirm before hitting the target. The external and internal readings give an accurate reading.
With Magnahold features of Callaway EZrangefinder enable you to find the distance with high magnification. The Callaway EZ is highly durable and water-resistant. You can use it in any weather without being worried.
The horizontal design of Callaway is compact enough that you can easily use it with shaky hands. The weight of Callaway is only 12.8 ounces, you can hold it in your pocket. This pocket friendly and easy to operate rangefinder is available in the market at a reasonable price.
You can set the reading in meters and yards according to your choice. The magnification power of 5x and pin acquisition technology makes it more unique among golfers. It’s premium holding hand case makes it easy to carry in golf courses.
SereneLife Advanced Golf Laser Rangefinder
If you are a passionate and recreational golfer and love to spend time playing golf, the SereneLife Rangefinder is best for you. Whenever you want to relax, you can go to the golf course. Golf is the only game that can relieve all your stress and business pressure.
If you want to improve your game, purchase a golf laser rangefinder. With SereneLife Laser rangefinder, you can find the accurate distance of the target. There is plenty of rangefinders available in the market. Choosing the best device is quite daunting.
The SereneLife ensures the ideal qualities that every golfer needs. It comes with extraordinary features and an affordable price. All advanced and high-quality technologies are present in this rangefinder.
The SerenLife Laser Rangefinder is simple quite to operate with only one single button. When you are on a golf course, press the button to find the accurate distance of your target. The maximum range of SereneLife is 550 yards.
You can measure the distance of your target with great accuracy as this rangefinder has Pin seeking technology. Pin seeking mode enables you to lock the reading and display an accurate reading of the flag.
Being a golfer, you might have some questions in your mind that how a rangefinder finds the accurate distance of slope. You may think that uneven surfaces affect your reading. You are lucky that SereneLife Rangefinder has slope technology. No doubt, SereneLife Laser Rangefinder can fulfill all your desires on the golf course.
The compact design of the rangefinder allows you to use it in any weather. Keep it in your bag and use it whenever you want. The user-friendly SereneLife Rangefinder comes with a 3V lithium battery. It is a portable and lightweight rangefinder.
MiLESEEY Golf Rangefinder With Slope On/Off
Those days have been gone when people measure distance by counting and other simple ways. With the advancement in technologies, distance finding methods have been changed. Now various types of devices are available.
MiLESEEY Rangefinder is one of those devices. With the invention of the rangefinder, it is easy to play golf and get high scores. MiLESEEY Rangefinder with on and off-slope technology is a top-notch rangefinder.
It is legal for tournament use as many golf courses do not allow a rangefinder with slope. You can turn off the slope mode by pressing a single button. MiLESEEY can measure the distance at a speed of 18 – 300 per hour.
The Flag locking technology is present in this rangefinder. When the rangefinder finds the flag, it vibrates to give you a clue. This vibration verifies that you have found an accurate target. It gives you an accurate distance of up to 250 yards.
The Accuracy range of the MiLESEEY Rangefinder is 0.5 – 0.55M. It comes with 6x magnification power and an adjustable eyepiece that enable you to fix the focal length. The MiLESEEY Rangefinder is a perfect device for people having myopia. The multi-coated lens works efficiently.
Every golfer demand that the rangefinder can give a clear view, which is present in this rangefinder. You can measure the distance of 600 yards. The LCD has a clearer and brighter reading of the target.
The comfortable and flexible rubber body of the rangefinder is user-friendly. It is lightweight and small. You can hold it in your hands firmly. Its premium hook and simple case make it unique, and you can carry it on a golf course.
Slope On/Off technology enables a golfer to change the mode accordingly. The integration of the CR – 2 lithium battery enables you to use it for a long time.
Gramin Approach S20 | The Best Golf Watch
With the popularity of the golf rangefinder, manufacturers have decided to make Golf Watches. S20 Gramin Approach is one of the top-notch range-finding devices. S20 has an extraordinary modest design with a Gramin App.
Gramin S20 is the most affordable distance measuring device available in the market. Gramin S20 does not have an eye-catching design, but it is not the out-dated one. It has a silicone strap with a square shape display. S20 has a 128×128 apple watch display.
The incredibly lightweight design of Gramin weighs only 1.5 ounces. You can operate the S20 by buttons as it lacks a touch screen. You can check the reading in the bright sunlight of summer due to its legible display.
If you talk about the Gramin Golf features, these are also incredible. S20 has 40,000 golf courses. If you turn it on, the watch will identify the nearest golf course. The watch displays the accurate distance from the front, back, and middle of the green.
If you want to get the most advanced features of the Gramin App, you can connect your Android or IOS devices with the watch. The app will identify the hole’s layout, nature, and location of holes.
If you wear it on your wrist, the Auto Shot Technolgy will track shot and long distances. The Garmin S20 calculates the accurate distance between two shots that you have traveled. With this feature, you can check How fast you swung? The AutoShot enables you to keep a record of your golf track.
In addition to golf features, it has a fitness and health tracking program. You can check your heart rate and monitor the blood pressure with this watch. It has a battery timing of 15 hours. You can use it for up to eight weeks with a GPS mode of S20.
SkyCaddie LINX | Golf GPS Watch
SkyCaddie watch with intuitive features and 35,000 pre-loaded courses will be the best choice ever. The dynamic maps and additional features of SkyCaddie LINX give the accurate distance of the green.
With the help of TrurGround Layup Target, you can find the distance between you and the target. It comes with Bluetooth connectivity that is not available in any other Golf watch.
You can easily wear it as it lightweight and stylish. SkyCaddie Watch keeps a pretty well design with GPS Antenna. You can charge this watch by using a small USB. The cord and USB adaptor are present at the back of the watch.
There are six buttons on the sides of the watch to control its operation. When you hold the left side button, the main menu will be displayed. You can operate the watch further by using the right and middle buttons.
You can enable the GPS mode by holding the button for two seconds. The Bluetooth connectivity offers something great that you can get the notification of emails on the watch’s screen.
The Golf Mode provides all the information about the front, back, and middle yardage. When you are passing through holes and uneven surfaces, you can active Auto-Advance work. The shots which you made by wearing LINX GT Watch are recorded automatically. You can connect it with SkyCaddie real-time app.
Some other innovative features of SkyCaddie Watch are: It covers the course excellently and has fitness features like Stopwatch. The SkyCaddie watch can take 40 targets per hole.
Intelli-green Technology makes it more popular among golfers. It also has Auto-advance course recognition with a score tracking feature. Buy the SkyCaddie Watch to have the extra perk of fascinating features.